Tata World - Homi Bhabha

Homi Bhabha Born in October, Homi Jehangir Bhabha, was an outstanding Indian nuclear physicist who was one of the architects of the development of the Indian atomic energy program and is considered to be the father of India's nuclear program.


He studied at Cathedral and John Connon School and later, briefly at Eliphinstone College and the Royal Institute of Science before going to Cambridge. After he became an engineer Bhabha went on to live his dream. He had crafted his journey away from industry to academics. While on this journey, he worked with some of the greatest physicists of all times including PAM Dirac, Wolfgang Pauli, Enrico Fermi and Niels Bohr. Bhabha completed his PhD in 1943 under the supervision of R.H. Fowler.

How he started TIFR

Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabh is the founder of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, is remembered by those who knew him as an extraordinary man, a distinguished scientist, a deeply cultured person and an able administrator.

He returned to India in 1939 and took up the position of Reader at the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore. While working in Bangalore, the thought of setting up an institute planted its seed in Bhabha's mind. On March 12, 1944, he wrote to Sir Sorab Saklatvala, Chairman of the Dorab Tata Trust, on the advice of his friend JRD Tata. His plea was approved. The Tata Institute of Fundamental Research started functioning in Bangalore from June 1, 1945 and later that year moved to Bombay. In realizing his vision of the Institute, he took bold steps to attract talented people and gave them the freedom to pursue their research activities.

His vision for Atomic Energy

Bhabha's vision of the useful role of atomic energy in the newborn independent India was also exemplary. In 1948, on Bhabha's insistence and with full support of the Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, the Atomic Energy Commission was constituted to formulate policies and programmes in a bid to make India a leading nation in the new technology.

Bhabha also proposed the formation of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) in 1954, which would fund, create and operate all the facilities needed for the atomic energy programme. Along with the establishment of the DAE, Bhabha set up a new laboratory called the Atomic Energy Establishment Trombay (AEET). It was later renamed Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) by Indira Gandhi.

In January 1966, the world lost him in a tragic air crash.